How to apply for an education loan – a step by step guide
01 नवम्बर 2019
The cost of seeking a quality education is rising every day. Schools and universities charge fees to the tune of several lakhs of rupees, making it impossible for parents to fully fund their child’s education. High costs of education are especially a burden on parents whose children aspire to attend private institutions in India or prestigious universities abroad. In such a situation, the only respite is offered by banks which provide education loans. Such loans cover everything, from tuition fees and cost of books, apparatus etc., to lodging charges, dormitory fees, travel allowance and so on. Let us find out the step-by-step procedure to take education loan.
Step 1 – Filling the application form
Just like with any other loan, the first step is to fill an application form. The application form is a simple form in which you must provide your personal contact details as well as your academic details. Ensure that you provide accurate and truthful information in this form. As per the instructions of the Department of Financial Services, Ministry of Finance, Government of India, all education loan applications (including applications received by Bank in physical format) are to be applied through Vidya Lakshmi portal, i.e. https://www.vidyalakshmi.co.in/Students
Step 2 – Interview
The next step in the education loan procedure is the interview round. After considering your application, your bank typically calls you for a personal discussion or an interview. Note that the loan is offered to the student and co-obligation of parents/ guardian and the student is considered as the main loan applicant. You may be asked several questions pertaining to your academic performance, the institute you wish to attend, the course selected by you, future scope of your chosen course and so on. You must be honest and should be able to convince the bank that you are choosing a stream that has the potential to generate good income, thus enabling you to repay the loan.
Step 3 – Documentation
Before the loan is processed you need to prove to the bank that your chosen university has extended an offer of admission. This is the primary document that all banks ask for, even before one begins the actual loan application process. The bank can get in touch with the university to verify your enrolment. If your education loan amount exceeds ₹4,00,000, you would be required to provide some sort of collateral in the form of third party Guarantee if the required loan amount is upto Rs.7,50,000, and if it exceeds 7,50,000 you are required to provide collateral security equivalent to 100 % of the loan amount along with assignment of future income of the student for payment of instalments.
Assignment of future income of the student for payment of instalments is applicable to all Education Loans irrespective of Loan amount.
Step 4 – Loan approval
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Step 5 – Loan disbursal
The final step in the education bank loan procedure is loan disbursal. Banks typically directly disburse the loan to your chosen university by way of Banker’s cheque, Demand draft or SWIFT message as per the location of the chosen University/Institution along with your margin if stipulated in Sanction.
How the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Scheme is a futuristic, beneficial scheme?
We all dream of owning a home. Whether it is a small 1BHK or a bungalow, a home is the ultimate financial security one can have. It can provide you and your family a safe heaven, it can take care of the financial future of your children and it can also be used as collateral against various types of loans whenever you need money urgently. But with the sky-rocketing real estate prices, there are some sections of the society who cannot even dream of owning a house. In the words of Prime Minister Narendra Modi, the “Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana is a significant step in making the dreams of the poor come true”. Let’s look at the many benefits of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana – Housing for all scheme.
It aims at Slum rehabilitation
The PMAY scheme is a well thought out scheme that ultimately benefits the nation and the economy. The main objective of the scheme is to eradicate the slum houses and replace them with ‘pucca’ or concrete homes, especially from the urban cities of India that greatly contribute to the GDP. With the help of this ‘in-situ’ slum rehabilitation scheme, the government is hoping to encourage slum dwellers to opt for formal urban settlements as opposed to slum dwelling and leverage the land that is losing value due to slum settlements.
It provides housing for all
One of the greatest advantages of Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana is that it aims at providing permanent housing for all. Under this scheme, the government is seeking to construct as many as 2 crore affordable 1 BHK flats in some of India’s prominent urban areas. House construction has already begun in the States of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu, West Bengal etc. The Government of India aims to uplift the general standard of living of the Indian population and eradicate poverty through these houses.
It promotes affordable housing for all sections of society
The PMAY scheme aims to provide affordable housing to all sections of society. These benefits are extended to applicants who do not own any home and fall within specific income groups and sections of society. Applicants are divided into various groups such as economically weaker sections of society (EWS), lower income groups (LIG) and middle income groups (MIG). The Middle Income Group is further categorised as MIG 1 and MIG 2 based on income levels. Additionally, it also encompasses minorities such as members of scheduled castes, scheduled tribes, other backward classes as well as women and senior citizen applicants, widows and members of transgender communities.
Homes are provided at subsidized interest rates
The most important benefit of PMAY scheme is the credit linked subsidy scheme. With a view to increase the flow of institutional credit, the government has launched a credit linked subsidy component to PMAY scheme. This enables the eligible urban poor (members from EWS, LIG, MIG 1 and MIG 2) to receive home loans for acquisition or construction at effectively much lower interest rates. Such borrowers can receive a substantial decrease in interest repayment. For instance, if a member of the above mentioned income group opts for a home loan he/she would be charged an interest rate of 8.40% p.a. For loan amount up to ₹600,000 ,he will receive an interest subsidy as per his eligibility. Interest subsidy will be credited upfront to the loan account of beneficiaries through lending institutions resulting in reduced effective housing loan and Equated Monthly Instalment (EMI). If one opts for a home loan over the amount of ₹600,000, they have to pay the regular interest rate on the amount exceeding ₹600,000.
It secures the financial future of women
Another great advantage of PMAY is that it encourages women to apply for loans and become home-owners. As per the scheme clause, if a married man is applying for the loan, he has to mandatorily register his wife as the co-applicant of the loan, even if she has no role in financing to purchase the property. This is done to secure the financial future of women, especially when they are older and widowed.
The benefit of eco-friendly housing
Developers and builders in charge of building houses under the Pradhan Mantri Awas Yojana Scheme, have been instructed to construct the houses with eco-friendly construction material and technology. The aim behind this is to ensure minimum damage on the environment around the construction site, including damage causes due to air and sound pollution. Homes are being built with sustainable, good quality material to eliminate the need for remodelling or renovation for as long as possible.
As you can see, there are many benefits of PMAY. Walk into a Bank of Baroda branch today to get more details about this scheme.
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How to buy a house in India? All you need to know.
Buying a house is a dream for a many people in India. However, the process to buy a house is not as simple as looking it up and buying it instantly. There are a lot of factors to consider and a fair bit of due diligence is required on the part of the buyer before the house is bought.
The process of buying a house can be condensed into these steps:
Figure out how much you can afford:
The first step on how to buy a house in India is to decide how much you can afford. Housing loans are extremely popular and easily available which means you can also factor in a loan value while deciding how much you can pay for buying a house. It is also important to take a look at your household budget while deciding this. You need to have enough funds left over for making investments and meeting household expenses since banks auto debit the EMI from your savings account.
Decide the location:
The price of the flat depends a lot on its location and the proximity to major roadways or an airport. Upcoming suburbs outside a major metropolitan city will be cheaper than buying a flat within city limits. However, you must factor in the time taken to commute from your place of work to your residence.
Check the resale values:
Checking the resale value of the flat is extremely important. This depends on a few things such as the builder’s reputation, the locality etc. It is easy to find resale values on different property portals. This especially helps in case you want to move in a few years or are investing for the purpose of investment.
Check your loan eligibility:
Real estate is extremely expensive in India and not many buyers can afford to buy it outright with their savings. This is where a home loan comes in. Most lenders have a home loan eligibility calculator on their website where you can check for your loan eligibility. The loan eligibility does not translate into the final loan amount since that depends on the actual property itself. However, these calculators are a good indicator of how much loan you can expect to get if you apply for it.
Registration and stamp duty:
Registration and stamp duty are costs that are paid over and above the purchase price of the house. These costs differ from state to state in India and each state has a formula for calculating them. It is important to factor these costs since this adds to the expense.
You must decide whether to buy a house through an agent or directly. Agents prove to be helpful while finding buyers and sellers for flats, especially resale flats. However, they also charge a commission from both parties for the sale.
You can either buy a flat in a new construction or buy a resale property. New constructions also have a risk of permissions attached to them. However, new constructions also come with more amenities.
Rental value of property:
If you’re looking to rent out the property, you need to calculate the amount charged as rentals from similar flats in the area. This will help you estimate your monthly earnings. It is better to buy a flat in an area that is conveniently located since such places will always have a demand for rentals.
Once you factor in all these points, you can then add up the total value of the house. How much money to buy a house in India depends majorly on the location of the flat and the city or town, but after considering these points, you can get a fair idea.