What is the best age to go for a Home Loan?
01 Nov 2019
Buying a home is a dream for every individual across the globe. The only problem is affordability. Buying a house needs to fit the budget. One’s dream need to be realistic in order to achieve it.
From a lender’s point of view a person becomes eligible for loan if he is earning a sufficient income from a legitimate source. He has to have a steady source of income and enough saving after taking care of the regular expenses and other loans as he has, to repay the equated monthly installments (EMI) of the home loan. These factors are known as creditworthiness of the borrower and credit behavior of a borrower is assessed in India by what is known as CIBIL score.
The CIBIL score takes into account the credit history of the person, whether he had defaulted on his loans earlier and similar other points.
Another point that comes up is age which decides the tenure of the loan that is relevant for purchasing a property.
Age in isolation is not a factor, what the lender would also like to look at is the earning and repayment capacity of the person, quality of the property he is planning to buy and the loan amount he is seeking.
Let’s take the case of a house property which is worth say Rs 75 lakh which includes all taxes and statutory charges. Assume that the lender is willing to fund 80 percent of the amount, which in our case is Rs 60 lakh.
Now, let’s consider three person aged 25, 35 and 45 who approach the lender for the loan on this property.
These days the younger generation gets a good starting salary especially if he has a good education or is a professional. In our case let’s consider an average individual.
Clearly, a 25 year old person can take the loan for the longest period possible, which in India can be around 30 years. The middle-aged person can be eligible for the loan for 20-25 years. The eldest individual will get a loan with a tenure of 10-15 years maximum. The lender would consider the useful working life of the borrower before fixing a tenure.
Lenders generally hesitate to lend a housing loan to an elder person. Part of the reason is the limited working life he has in front of him and secondly because his obligations increases with age. Children’s higher education needs to be funded, their marriage and medical cost associated with him and his spouse which can lead to cash flow mismatch going forward.
However, if the older person has a strong income stream and needs money for a shorter tenure, lenders would be interested in it. They may or may not ask for more collateral against the property since in a small tenure window price fluctuations can act as an added risk.
Or they may consider taking a higher down payment which would mean a lesser exposure and time risk for the lender.
Another way the older person can improve the chances of getting a loan is by applying for it with a co-borrower. This way the risk of the lender is reduced and there are more than one income stream to take care of the EMI payment.
There is no fixed and ideal age for taking a home loan. Finally what matters is the affordability. As a rule of thumb the EMI outgo should not exceed 30 percent of the income. Anything higher would put stress on the financials of the individual.
Financial markets in India have now matured offering an individual multiple avenues of raising money. Having said that, assets like a home is best bought as early as possible in one’s life since after this he can concentrate on wealth creation.
What Is Overdraft Facility? All You Need To Know!
When you open a bank account, you are provided with a bouquet of financial services. The bank provides a cheque book and a passbook to help you manage and maintain your accounts. Furthermore, you are provided with an ATM cum debit card, net and mobile banking facilities and so on. The bank also offers a financial service known as the overdraft facility. But what is overdraft facility? Here’s all you need to know.
What is overdraft facility in bank?
Overdraft facility is a financial facility or instrument that enables you to withdraw money from your bank account (savings or current), even if you do not have any account balance.. Like any other credit facility, the bank levies an interest rate when you avail the overdraft facility. You typically have to pay a fixed interest rate to avail an overdraft limit.
What are the features of the overdraft facility?
Having explained what is overdraft limit, let’s find out its features. These are as under:
Banks offer overdraft facilities over a pre-determined limit, which may differ for every borrower.
Overdraft limit account is a running account in which you can deposit/ withdraw amount anytime up to the specified limit.
The bank levies the interest on the overdraft amount used by the borrower at predefined rate. The interest is calculated daily and billed/debited to your on monthly basis. The interest amount increases if you default on paying the due overdraft amount.
Unlike most loans wherein you have to pay a prepayment penalty for repaying the loan before tenure; banks so not levy any prepayment charges on overdraft limits. You can pay off the overdraft amount cumulatively without incurring any prepayment penalties.
You can repay the overdraft, in different amounts, whenever you have the money. The system of EMIs, which is prominent with most loans, does not exist in the case of overdraft limits.
While there is no minimum monthly repayment schedule in the case of overdraft loans, the amount owed by you should be within the overdraft limit.
Joint borrowers may avail overdraft limits. However, both the applicants are equally responsible for repaying the sanctioned Overdraft limit
Different types of collateral accepted by banks against overdraft loans
Overdrafts against your house or property
Overdrafts against your fixed deposits
Overdrafts against your life insurance policy
Overdrafts against your equity holdings
Overdrafts against your salary
Final word: As is evident, the overdraft facility is one that can truly help you when you need money. Banks also fix decent repayment tenures, so that you can repay the overdraft loan flexibly. However, before availing this facility from your bank, you must ensure that you find out the overdraft facility advantages and disadvantages and then proceed with the limit.
Why is a CIBIL Score Important?
Started in 2000, CIBIL or the Credit Bureau is an authorized credit information company that tracks debt repayment history and provides a credit score accepted by a vast network of financial institutions as a valid benchmark to examine a potential borrower’s credit quality. Here’s why a CIBIL score is important:
Lender considers the CIBIL score before approving a loan
The information collected and maintained by the bureau is gleaned from data collected from banks and other lending institutions on a monthly basis. On the basis of this data, CIBIL issues a score. This score is shared with the lenders on request, when an applicant applies for a loan.
What is an ideal credit score?
The range is from 300 to 900. Any score higher than 750 is a decent credit score. If an applicant has a credit score higher than 750, he/she is likely to get the loan approved and may get an attractive rate of interest. A loan application may be rejected if the credit score comes out to be too low.
How to source your CIBIL report?
Apart from a CIBIL score, you can also get your CIBIL credit information report. The report details the credit quality of your auto loan, home loan, credit card, over draft facility and personal loans. It carries your personal details, employment details and account information. The procedure to source your CIBIL report is exactly the same as getting your CIBIL Score.
Components of the CIBIL report
The first part of your CIBIL report has your CIBIL score, which is a value between 300 and 900. A score closer to green that is above 750 is preferable.
Another section contains your personal information like name, date of birth, PAN number, Passport details and gender.
The contact Information segment will capture all your address and contact details.
The employment section will provide details about customer’s income and occupation at the time of a previous loan sanction.
An important section of the report is the account information which details the material about the borrower’s credit cards, loans, name of the lender, type of loan (whether secured or unsecured) and all the accounts held by the borrower.
Consumer Dispute Remark
The borrower can also put in their remarks about a particular loan transaction in the Consumer Dispute Remarks for evaluators to see every time the credit report is opened for assessment. The comments are presented for a year.