A secured loan is a loan in which an asset is hypothecated to the lender. Since the lender finances the purchase of the asset, the original purchase papers of the asset are with the lender. When it comes to purchase of a home, the asset’s ownership shifts to the borrower once he has completely repaid the loan. In gold loans, the gold is left under lock and key with the lender. Once the loan is repaid, this gold is given back to the borrower. However, it is not the same when it comes to a car loan.
In a car loan, the car purchased is hypothecated to the lender. The lender pays the funds to purchase the car. However, a car also has to be registered with the Regional Transport Office (RTO) before it can be driven on the road. In such a case, the name of the lender appears on the registration certificate (RC) of the vehicle/ in the records of Regional Transport Office. This means you need to take a few additional steps once the car loan is repaid for car loan hypothecation removal. Once the car loan hypothecation is removed and the car’s ownership is completely in your name, then you will have a clear title and ownership to your car. This is especially important while getting insurance. In case anything happens to the car, the Insurance claim will go to the owner of the car, which in case of hypothecation, will be in favor of the lender.
This is why car loan hypothecation removal is important.
How to remove hypothecation from RC after car loan repayment/termination:
Step 1: Repayment of car loan
In the hypothecation agreement of car loan, the name of the lender appears as the owner for the car. To start the procedure for removal of the lender’s name, you need to repay the car loan completely. The loan must be paid off and a nil balance must appear in the lender’s books.
If you are planning to prepay your car loan, it is better to inquire with the lender about their prepayment charges and conditions. Sometimes lenders have prepayment charges on these loans and this can go up to 2%.
Once you’ve completely paid off the loan, you need a no dues certificate from the lender. This certificate will state that you have completely discharged the dues to the lender.
Step 2: Collection of documents from the lender
Once the loan is repaid, the lender will give you the no dues certificate. Along with this, you need to collect:
No objection certificate:
This certificate states that the lender does not have any objection with car loan hypothecation removal. One important point to remember is that you must take multiple copies of the No Objection certificate. This No Objection certificate will need to be submitted to the RTO and to the Insurance company. You will also need one copy for your own records. Usually, the no objection certificate is valid for 3 months. So, you must approach the RTO immediately after you get the no objection certificate.
This form is a notice of termination of hypothecation. This form also has to be made in triplicate or in 3 copies. Each state usually has its own format for this form which can easily be found online or at the RTO.
Step 2: Submission of documents to the RTO
Once you have the documents from the lender, you need to visit the Regional Transport Office or the RTO with a set of documents that includes:
- Original form 35 signed and stamped by the borrower and bank
- Original Bank No Objection Certificate
- Attested copy of PAN
- Attested copy of insurance policy of car
- Original Registration Certificate
- Address proof
- Copy of Pollution Under Control (PUC) certificate
These documents will have to be submitted to the RTO. If your address does not match the address in the registration certificate, you will need to submit Form 33 which is for change of address.
Once you submit these documents to the concerned officer at the RTO, they will get them verified. You need to pay the respective fees to get the process completed. The officer will give you a time and date on which you can collect your updated Registration Certificate (RC)
Step 3: Collect your updated Registration Certificate
The date and time for the visit will be specified when the documents are submitted. When you visit the RTO on the specified date, you will get the updated RC. If there are any mistakes in the details, you can get them corrected and collect the RC on a future date. Once you collect your updated RC, you will have completed all car loan hypothecation removal formalities.