Savings account opening
03 Jul 2019
Want to open a savings account? Follow these steps
A savings account is perhaps the first interaction a person has with a bank. It is the most basic of bank accounts. It offers the safety that a depositor looks for, plus interest rates and the flexibility of withdrawing money anytime and anywhere.
Before looking at the features of opening a bank account let’s first look at how to open one.
How to open a savings account
There is two main ways to open a savings bank account:
Walking to a branch
You can go to your nearest Bank of Baroda branch and ask the bank officials how to open an account. You are asked to fill out a form. The bank official will ask for details required as per the ‘Know Your Customer’ (KYC) format that includes address proof, identity proof, statutory government registrations like a PAN card will be required along with your photographs. You will also be asked if you want to open a joint account with anyone else. In the case of a child, a minor account is opened that is operated by the parent.
If you want to open your savings bank account online, you can do so either through a computer or a mobile way of opening a form. Most details are captured online in this case with a minimum physical interface with the bank.
Who can open a Savings Bank Account?
Each bank has its own Terms and Conditions which needs to be satisfied before an account is opened. Most of these conditions are common and set by the central bank – Reserve Bank of India.
At the time of opening an account, you will be made to sign a number of documents which include that he has understood all the Terms and Conditions of the bank. It is thus necessary to read through the document before signing. Only illiterate depositors can use their thumb impression.
Signature and KYC Documentation
Bank signature is the key to operate the account. Signature mismatch not only leads to heartburns but also other problems which can result in blocking of the account. You will need to be careful while signing the form and maintain this signature throughout life.
KYC Documentations have increased over the year. The main documentation needed is for the identity of the customer and identifying his address.
In identity proof the documents that are generally valid are – passport, driving licence with photograph, Permanent Account Number (PAN Number), Voters identity card, Job card issued by NREGA (National Rural Employment Guarantee Act, 2005) – attested by a government official and an Aadhar card or any other document issued by the Unique Identification Authority of India.
For address proof, you can submit any of the above documents apart from the PAN card
Banks can offer Pass Book facility for a savings account holder for free or for a small fee. You, however, can access the statement of your account online using internet banking.
Safety of savings accounts
Savings account in a bank is generally insured by the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation (DICGC).This insurance facility offers an assurance that your money is safe.
Types of savings account
Within the savings account, different banks offer a variety of accounts depending on the utility of the account and the age of the account holder.
Some banks offer a zero-balance account, but these are done for salaried accounts or for some professionals and students.
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Savings Account- Features and Benefits
A savings bank account is the most basic bank account available. It is an account that allows you to pool in your finances and manage them. The funds are available to be withdrawn at any time. With the different needs and requirements of the customers, banks have begun offering different kinds of savings accounts to meet these different needs. Some types of savings accounts are:
Regular savings account
Kids savings account
Womens Savings account
Institutions, Government savings account
Basic Savings Bank Account (BSBD)
Senior Citizens Savings Accounts
Rural Savings Accounts/ Jan Dhan accounts
Here are some features of savings account:
A savings account comes with a passbook and cheque book feature
You can receive payments and make payments from your savings accounts
Auto debits and auto credits can be set up from your savings accounts
Savings bank account holders can access internet banking and mobile banking for their needs
Banks offer ATM cum debit cards to savings bank account holders
A savings bank account earns low interest rate but allows the customer the freedom to withdraw funds at any time subject to a limit on monthly withdrawals.
It is possible to pay bills from your savings account
Banks also send transaction alerts to their customers via SMS and email
What are the benefits of a savings account?
While a savings account has a lot of utility, it only earns interest at 3.5% to 6% per annum. In such a case, are there any benefits of having a savings account? The answer is yes. There are many benefits of opening a savings account. Let us consider them.
Here are the benefits of having a savings account:
One of the benefits of opening a savings account is that it offers you liquidity..
Safety of funds
A savings bank account is a safe avenue to keep your funds rather than keeping it on hand where it is susceptible to get lost or stolen. Another important point to remember is that each account is insured by the Deposit Insurance and Credit Guarantee Corporation for up to Rs. 1 lakh.
Additional earnings because of auto sweep facility
Most banks have an auto sweep facility where funds above a particular limit are automatically converted into a fixed deposit. These funds earn interest at fixed deposit rates as compared to regular savings rate. By enabling this feature, the depositor can get full benefits of keeping money in a savings account.
Automatic debits for payments
Banks allow customers to set up automatic debits for utility payments and bills. In such cases, the utility company or telecom company raises a demand with the bank and the bank automatically debits the bank account. This is a convenient way to make payments on time. When you take a loan, you can set up an auto debit facility from your savings account where the installment will get debited from the savings bank account and
Auto credits for investment incomes
One of the benefits of keeping money in a savings account is that it can be linked to a demat account and other investments. In such cases, the income from dividends and interest gets automatically credited to the bank account. This convenience ensures all incomes get pooled in one account.
Convenient fund transfers
It is extremely simple to make fund transfers from a savings account. There are different modes of a fund transfer which are easily available in both internet banking and mobile banking. A savings bank account holder can transfer funds using NEFT, RTGS, IMPS and UPI.
There are benefits of a joint savings account. Having a joint account provides greater flexibility since all the joint holders can sign cheques and operate the bank account. It makes it easy to track spends and incomes. A joint account can be maintained for household incomes and expenses which is excellent for financial planning.
Savings vs Current Accounts the key differences
Opening a bank account is one of the first steps we take towards financial independence. We start with small savings that we deposit each time we come upon extra money by opening a savings account. As our financial requirements change, we find the need to open an additional account, to conduct daily transactions especially business transactions. Such an account is known as a current account. In this article, we shall highlight the major differences between savings and current account and understand the procedure to link your Aadhaar card with either account.
Savings and current accounts – how they differ
Both, savings and current accounts come with their own set of features which makes them different in several ways. Both accounts are meant to address the various financial needs of account holders. Let us look at the significant factors that distinguish the current account and savings account.
The purpose of the accounts: Savings accounts are designed by banks to encourage savings among account holders, whereas the current account is intended for people who need to make frequent transactions especially for business purpose.
The type of account holder: Savings account are best suited for individuals with a steady source of income; salaried employees, for instance. This type of account is an excellent option for anyone with short-term financial goals in which one can keep depositing or withdrawing money as per their requirements. The government encourages everyone to open savings accounts. Current accounts, on the other hand, are best suited for people in business, companies, firms, organisations, public enterprises and so on. They are meant for people who need to carry out repeated money transactions.
The frequency of transactions: Individuals, who have a savings account, are permitted to make a limited number of transactions every month. You typically get 3 to 5 transactions every month, including financial transactions like fund transfers, cash deposits and withdrawals to non-financial transactions such as getting account statements, ordering cheque books etc post which you are charged a certain amount for each transaction. The difference between current account and saving account in this respect is that you can carry out unlimited monthly transactions of all kinds.
Interest: You can earn a quarterly, half-yearly or annual interest of 3.5% to 6% per annum (depending upon your bank and account type) on your savings account. You are also allowed to accumulate an unlimited amount of funds in these accounts. On the other hand, you do not earn any interest on the monies parked in a current account.
Average minimum balance: Each bank asks the account holder to maintain a fixed sum of money or minimum balance into their accounts. One has to pay a penalty for non-maintenance of minimum balance. You are usually required to maintain a low minimum balance in savings account, (which can even be zero in case of a salary/ zero-balance account), whereas as current account holders are required to maintain relatively higher minimum balances.
Now that we have highlighted the main differences between the two accounts let us understand how to link Aadhaar card with bank account (for DBT benefits only). You can visit the bank and follow the below steps
Ask for an Aadhar linking application form at the bank; enter your current/savings account details and Aadhaar Number.
Attach a self-attested photocopy of your Aadhaar card with the application and carry your original Aadhaar card to furnish to the bank for verification purposes.
The bank will accept your request and link your account to Aadhaar.
You will receive an SMS notification from the bank when the Aadhar link to bank account is successfully completed.
You can also link your Aadhaar card to your bank account through internet banking by going on the “My Account” section and entering your Aadhaar card details and verifying using OTP or through your mobile banking app in the same way
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