Difference Between Credit Card & Debit Card
15 May 2019
4 Differences between Credit Card and Debit Card
When you open a bank account, you are provided with a cheque book, a passbook and an ATM-cum-debit card, also known simply as a debit card. After you’ve held your account with the bank for some time, the bank may even offer you a credit card. However, many people are often confused about the difference between debit and credit card and often assume them to be the same. So, we’ve listed the differences to help you understand. Let’s start with understanding the meaning of each card.
What is a debit card?
A debit card is a card that is linked with your savings or current bank account. When you open your bank account, the bank issues a card that you can use at ATMs and PoS terminals to withdraw money or pay for your expenses, respectively. The sums are automatically and instantly debited or deducted from your debit card. Banks provide free debit cards and charge a small annual maintenance fee.
What is a credit card?
A credit card is another type of bank card through which you can borrow money for a bank or financial institution. The issuer provides you with a line of credit, also known as a credit limit. This limit is determined based on your income and can be increased from time to time. The issuer bills you for your credit card expenses, and you need to pay them off by a stipulated date. If you fail to repay the sums borrower on credit, the issuer levies an interest rate on the money borrowed.
Credit card vs debit card
Having explained the meanings of credit and debit cards, let’s find out what is the difference between credit card and debit card. They are as under:
- Bill vs account statement
People who have a credit card are sent a bill for the expenses incurred on the card each month. The issuer sends a bill explaining the minimum and total sums due. In the case of debit cards, the account holder can directly access the savings account to see the expenses incurred.
- Linking the card
The debit card is linked to your savings account, whereas the credit card is linked to the financial organisation or issuing bank offering the credit facility.
- Credit vs spending limit
Typically, credit card companies provide a credit limit, and you cannot borrow sums exceeding the credit limit. In the case of debit cards, banks issue daily cash withdrawal as well as PoS spending limits.
- Interest charged
The credit card issuer levies an interest rate if one is unable to repay the amounts borrowed on time. However, in the case of debit cards, money is not borrowed on credit, so no interest is charged.
Apart from the points mentioned above, a significant aspect of difference between debit and credit card is that debit cards are provided free of charge by the bank. In contrast, credit cards may be availed through an application or by invitation only.
Computing Your Car Loan EMI Made Easy
Every individual’s journey to buy a car is unique. It begins with where the individual is in his/her career, and the choice of vehicle they want, which is mainly based on why they want the car. During the process, they also focus on how they can get a car loan that suits their requirement.
When you, as an individual are considering a car loan, you are likely to do your due homework in checking for affordability and the loan tenure among other factors. While it is essential to go for a car loan from a lender who has banking expertise in the sector of car or auto loans, so you get the best rate and comfortable repayment options, you can also use the EMI calculator like the Bank of Baroda’s Car Loan EMI calculator that will help you make a well-informed choice in picking your car loan.
In using a car loan EMI calculator, you need to key in three basic variables- the loan amount you are likely to need, the tenure or the repayment period that suits your finances and the rate of interest. Now, the rate of interest is what you get from the bank, while the other two are the ones you can play around with on the calculator. Here is why using a car loan EMI calculator works.
If EMI is more:
You can pick a longer loan term or
You can make the loan amount smaller
If you find the EMI is coming out to be lower, then you can plan for a larger loan value or a shorter loan term.
You can also use the PMT formula on Microsoft Excel to calculate the EMI (Equated Monthly Instalments), where PMT is your EMI, Rate is the rate of interest, Nper or number of periods is the total number of payments for the loan and Pv is the loan value or the principal. The formula is PMT (Rate, Nper, Pv).
You can keep trying the formula for various combinations and then choose the one with the lowest EMI, though this is a roundabout approach prone to human error.
Bank of Baroda offers car loans and has a wide range of benefits, irrespective of your loan amount or type of vehicle.
With a BoB car loans, you can ride home your dream car in a short period of time. Our loans are designed for those who may be unable to purchase a private vehicle due to paucity of funds.
You can benefit from quick processing, minimal documentation and speedy fund disbursal. Additionally, our loan borrowers are not required to pay foreclosure charges or pre-payment penalty, nor do they need to pay advance EMIs.
With higher limits on the car loan amount, you can avail loans for new cars based on your eligibility. So, if you have always had your eye on a luxury car, our loan can take you one step closer to your dream.
Also, say goodbye to down payment worries, as you can get up to 90% financing on the car’s on-road price with Bank of Baroda’s auto loan.
Bank of Baroda offer attractive interest rates on loans to all our customers based on their credit scores. Additionally, existing home loan borrowers with a good credit history enjoy a concession on their car loan interest rate.
Education Loan Tax Benefit
All You Need to Know About Education Loan Tax Benefits under Section 80E of the Income Tax Act
Investing in a sound education has always been considered a worthy investment. A good degree can set you on the path of financial independence. But the costs associated with achieving a higher education degree cannot be ignored. As the cost of education continues to sky-rocket, students have little choice but to take out an education loan. Thankfully, the government offers some respite on education loans in the form of education loan tax benefits. Here’s all you need to know.
Section 80E of the Income Tax Act of 1961
Students intending to take a loan for higher studies, also known as an education loan, can avail tax deductions under Section 80E of the Income Tax Act of 1961. This section of the IT Act specifically caters to education loans. Students may avail education loan tax exemptions for pursuing higher education in India or abroad.
Students who’ve opted to go abroad for higher education often incur higher expenses as compared to those pursuing higher degrees in India. Apart from paying high tuition fees, they also have to incur costs such as boarding or dormitory charges, travel costs, purchasing study materials and equipment (engineering boards, laptops, etc.) Keeping all these expenses in mind, the government introduced Section 80E of the IT Act. Under this section, students can avail some relief in repaying the interest component of their education loan.
What is covered under Section 80E?
Under Section 80E of the IT Act, students can avail income tax benefit on education loan, when they become taxpayers. The tax benefit is extended on the interest portion of their education loan under Section 80E. The 80E specific deduction does not apply to the principal loan amount. While calculating the annual taxable income, students can deduct the entire amount paid as interest, while repaying the loan, i.e. the interest amount paid against the education loan is not taxed. You can avail deductions on the entire interest component of the loan.
Terms and conditions under Section 80E
To avail education loan deduction in income tax under Section 80E, you need to consider the below terms and conditions:
You can avail tax deductions on education loans taken on behalf of your children (biological and adopted) or your spouse.
Under 80E, you may also avail the deduction if you are the legal guardian of the student.
You can avail 80E deductions only if you’ve applied for the loan from a recognised financial institution like a bank or an NBFC, or a charitable institution.
You may not avail 80E deductions if an employer or a relative sanctioned the loan.
80E deductions are applicable only for individuals availing the loan and not Hindu Undivided Families (HUFs). Companies or firms can also not avail 80E deductions.
Final word: Today, most students have to rely on education loans to get into a good school. Keeping this in mind, the government also offers student loan tax deductions of ₹150,000 on the principal loan amount under Section 80C of the IT Act.