Reasons Why You Need To Have a Fixed Deposit
03 Jul 2019
Since the generation of our fathers and grandfathers, fixed deposits remained a preferred instrument to put our hard earned savings in. We would put away a lump sum in a fixed deposit offering an attractive and steady interest rate. Why we preferred and continue to prefer fixed deposits is because of the fixed interest rate which does not go up and down with changes in lending rates. FDs were considered safe and they gave us stable returns. Now you can even open an FD online without even having to go to the bank.
FDs are good for people who have extra lumpsum, which they don't need to use at the time.
FDs ensure capital protection and uniform flow of income. If you are risk-averse and do not want equity exposure, FD is for you
A Fixed Deposits is a saving instrument where you put a lump sum amount for a fixed period of time and earn a fixed rate of interest. On maturity you earn the principal invested along with the interest, which you can always reinvest! They are also called term deposits because you park money in them for a given tenure. Here are the key features of a Fixed Deposit:
Fixed rate of interest
Fixed deposits come with a fixed rate of interest when you open one. The rates of interest themselves keep getting revised from time to time, based on key lending rates. But you only get the rate of interest you locked into while booking the fixed deposit. Bank of Baroda, one among the oldest and largest banks of India, offers one of the highest deposit rates in the country, and has been a preferred bank to open FDs with, for many years now, given its security, pedigree and attractive rate of interest.
It is secure
Unlike financial instruments that depend on market movements, which are volatile, for you to profit from, fixed deposits are secure instruments since they give steady returns. For example, if the interest rates were to fall, you will still earn the rate of interest you were promised while booking the FD.
A bank’s market value, legacy and history also give it immense credibility and a sense of security to the depositors like the millions of depositors of Bank of Baroda who have parked their hard earned income and salaries in the Bank of Baroda deposit schemes for over a century now.
Return on investment
How much your returns on investment are on an FD will really depend on the interest rate and tenure of the FD you choose. You are likely to get more from investing in a long term FD but short term FD will give you more liquidity, depending on whether if your financial requirement is more immediate. You can also pick various options in FDs where you can either reinvest the proceeds you get from an FD or you can request for pay outs on a quarterly or monthly basis. In both the cases, the returns will vary
Bank of Baroda offers flexible tenures. It offers both short term and long term FDs for the benefit of the depositors.
Lending facility against FDs
Some banks also offer loans against FDs, so you do not have to break or liquidate your FD before maturity to get cash. Also, you can continue to earn the interest on the FDs. These loans are in the form of an overdraft (OD).
The contents of this article/infographic/picture/video are meant solely for information purposes and do not necessarily reflect the views of Bank of Baroda. The contents are generic in nature and for informational purposes only. It is not a substitute for specific advice in your own circumstances. Bank of Baroda and/ or its Affiliates and its subsidiaries make no representation as to the accuracy; completeness or reliability of any information contained herein or otherwise provided and hereby disclaim any liability with regard to the same. The information is subject to updation, completion, revision, verification and amendment and the same may change materially. The information is not intended for distribution or use by any person in any jurisdiction where such distribution or use would be contrary to law or regulation or would subject Bank of Baroda or its affiliates to any licensing or registration requirements. Bank of Baroda shall not be responsible for any direct/indirect loss or liability incurred by the reader for taking any financial decisions based on the contents and information mentioned. Please consult your financial advisor before making any financial decision.
PPF Tax Benefits & Features you must Know About
A popular investment and tax saving instrument for Indians since it was first introduced in 1968 by the Central Government, the Public Provident Fund is a great tool to boost small savings by every individual across India. One of the biggest reasons thousands open opt for PPF is the PPF tax benefits.
The following are the features of a PPF for your comprehensive understanding:
The PPF is a long-term investment with a minimum tenure of 15 years. PPF holder can extend the tenure by a period of 5 years every time.
Rate of interest
The rate of interest is determined by the Ministry of Finance every quarter. The compound interest is paid out at the end of the financial year i.e. on March 31. The interest is determined based on the balance between the closing of the 5th day and last day of each month.
Limits on investment
PPF is appealing to every section of society with different income levels. The minimum deposit every financial year is Rs.500 while the maximum amount is Rs.1, 50, 000. You can deposit the amount in lumpsum or in instalments in a financial year.
You need to have at least Rs.500 to begin with when you open the account. Maximum amount upto Rs.1,50,000 can be invested every year and is eligible for exemption under section 80C of IT Act.
Mode of deposit
There is limited restriction on how you can deposit money into your PPF account. You can transfer funds online, deposit cash, cheque or pay through a demand draft.
Frequency of deposit
The account holder needs to make a deposit at least once a year for 15 years.
The account holder may nominate one or more people (maximum 4) who will receive the amount in the PPF in case of the account holder’s death. The amount that each nominee will receive can also be determined by the account holder during nomination.
One individual can hold only one PPF account at any given point of time. No joint account is allowed.
The PPF is backed by the government and offers complete protection of investment regardless of market conditions.
You are eligible to take loan against your PPF provided it is between its 3rd-6th Financial year. The loan amount is capped at 25% of the balance in the 2nd year preceding the year in which you applied for the loan.
You need to be an Indian citizen residing in India. Members of HUF cannot open a PPF account. One eligible individual can hold only one PPF account. However, an individual can hold another PPF account on behalf of a minor.
Can one withdraw from their PPF before maturity?
A PPF account can be closed only when it completes 15 years. However, if the account holder needs to withdraw money from their PPF account due to a financial emergency, they can do so only from the 7th year onwards. These withdrawals can be made only once in a fiscal year.
What are the tax benefits offered with a Public Provident Fund? Is PPF maturity taxable?
A PPF is categorised as EEE which stands for Exempt-Exempt-Exempt. This means that the principal amount can be deducted under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
Furthermore, there is no PPF maturity tax i.e. the account holder does not have to pay tax on the interest accumulated on maturity of the PPF or the total amount post maturity.
A simple enough tax saving instrument with good rate of interest, you can start a PPF for yourself or your child with Bank of Baroda.
Tax Benefits Under NPS One Can Avail of
National Pension Scheme or NPS is a central government scheme for all those who want to save for their retirement days early on. So if your retirement is still some time to go and you are already planning to make arrangement for your golden days, the NPS is your ticket to achieving these goals. There are several benefits of the NPS scheme as it is a low risk scheme. The tax benefits that come with the NPS make it a great choice of investment. Here are some of the NPS tax benefits:
NPS tax benefit for individuals:
Any person subscribing to the NPS is eligible for a tax deduction of 10 % of his/ her gross income up to Rs1.5lakh under the section 80 CCD (1) of the Income Tax Act. In an exclusive tax saving benefit, you are also eligible for an additional deduction for investment up to Rs50,000 in NPS (Tier I account) under subsection 80CCD (1B). This exclusive benefit is over and above the deduction of up to Rs 1.5 lakh under section 80C. NPS tax benefits for individuals under corporate sector
You are eligible for an additional tax benefit if you have subscribed to NPS scheme under the corporate sector. This deduction is under the section 80CCD (2). Under this the employer’s NPS contribution up to 10% of salary (Basic + DA) is deductible from taxable income, without any monetary limit.
NPS tax benefits for corporates
Corporates making contribution towards employee’s NPS is deducted as business expense from their profit and loss account. So the employer’s contribution towards NPS up to 10% of salary (Basic + DA) can be deducted as NPS tax exemption.
NPS tax benefits on partial withdrawal
National pension scheme tax benefits is that you can partially withdraw funds from your NPS tier-I account .This benefit is available for specified purposes only. The amount withdrawn up to 25% of your contribution is exempt from tax.
NPS tax benefit on annuity purchase
If you invest funds in annuity, it is completely exempt from tax. Only the income from annuity received in the subsequent years is taxable.
NPS tax benefit on lump sum withdrawal
When you are 60 years old, if you withdraw the funds in lumpsum, maximum 60% of the corpus can be withdrawn from which 40% of the corpus is exempted from tax.
One of the biggest selling points for NPS is the additional tax benefits attached to the scheme. If you have a low appetite for risk and want to plan for your retirement days, invest in an NPS now. Click here to invest in an NPS tax saving scheme.
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