Reasons Why You Need To Have a Fixed Deposit
03 Jul 2019
Since the generation of our fathers and grandfathers, fixed deposits remained a preferred instrument to put our hard earned savings in. We would put away a lump sum in a fixed deposit offering an attractive and steady interest rate. Why we preferred and continue to prefer fixed deposits is because of the fixed interest rate which does not go up and down with changes in lending rates. FDs were considered safe and they gave us stable returns. Now you can even open an FD online without even having to go to the bank.
FDs are good for people who have extra lumpsum, which they don't need to use at the time.
FDs ensure capital protection and uniform flow of income. If you are risk-averse and do not want equity exposure, FD is for you
A Fixed Deposits is a saving instrument where you put a lump sum amount for a fixed period of time and earn a fixed rate of interest. On maturity you earn the principal invested along with the interest, which you can always reinvest! They are also called term deposits because you park money in them for a given tenure. Here are the key features of a Fixed Deposit:
Fixed rate of interest
Fixed deposits come with a fixed rate of interest when you open one. The rates of interest themselves keep getting revised from time to time, based on key lending rates. But you only get the rate of interest you locked into while booking the fixed deposit. Bank of Baroda, one among the oldest and largest banks of India, offers one of the highest deposit rates in the country, and has been a preferred bank to open FDs with, for many years now, given its security, pedigree and attractive rate of interest.
It is secure
Unlike financial instruments that depend on market movements, which are volatile, for you to profit from, fixed deposits are secure instruments since they give steady returns. For example, if the interest rates were to fall, you will still earn the rate of interest you were promised while booking the FD.
A bank’s market value, legacy and history also give it immense credibility and a sense of security to the depositors like the millions of depositors of Bank of Baroda who have parked their hard earned income and salaries in the Bank of Baroda deposit schemes for over a century now.
Return on investment
How much your returns on investment are on an FD will really depend on the interest rate and tenure of the FD you choose. You are likely to get more from investing in a long term FD but short term FD will give you more liquidity, depending on whether if your financial requirement is more immediate. You can also pick various options in FDs where you can either reinvest the proceeds you get from an FD or you can request for pay outs on a quarterly or monthly basis. In both the cases, the returns will vary
Bank of Baroda offers flexible tenures. It offers both short term and long term FDs for the benefit of the depositors.
Lending facility against FDs
Some banks also offer loans against FDs, so you do not have to break or liquidate your FD before maturity to get cash. Also, you can continue to earn the interest on the FDs. These loans are in the form of an overdraft (OD).
PPF Tax Benefits & Features you must Know About
A popular investment and tax saving instrument for Indians since it was first introduced in 1968 by the Central Government, the Public Provident Fund is a great tool to boost small savings by every individual across India. One of the biggest reasons thousands open opt for PPF is the PPF tax benefits.
The following are the features of a PPF for your comprehensive understanding:
The PPF is a long-term investment with a minimum tenure of 15 years. PPF holder can extend the tenure by a period of 5 years every time.
Rate of interest
The rate of interest is determined by the Ministry of Finance every quarter. The compound interest is paid out at the end of the financial year i.e. on March 31. The interest is determined based on the balance between the closing of the 5th day and last day of each month.
Limits on investment
PPF is appealing to every section of society with different income levels. The minimum deposit every financial year is Rs.500 while the maximum amount is Rs.1, 50, 000. You can deposit the amount in lumpsum or in instalments in a financial year.
You need to have at least Rs.500 to begin with when you open the account. Maximum amount upto Rs.1,50,000 can be invested every year and is eligible for exemption under section 80C of IT Act.
Mode of deposit
There is limited restriction on how you can deposit money into your PPF account. You can transfer funds online, deposit cash, cheque or pay through a demand draft.
Frequency of deposit
The account holder needs to make a deposit at least once a year for 15 years.
The account holder may nominate one or more people (maximum 4) who will receive the amount in the PPF in case of the account holder’s death. The amount that each nominee will receive can also be determined by the account holder during nomination.
One individual can hold only one PPF account at any given point of time. No joint account is allowed.
The PPF is backed by the government and offers complete protection of investment regardless of market conditions.
You are eligible to take loan against your PPF provided it is between its 3rd-6th Financial year. The loan amount is capped at 25% of the balance in the 2nd year preceding the year in which you applied for the loan.
You need to be an Indian citizen residing in India. Members of HUF cannot open a PPF account. One eligible individual can hold only one PPF account. However, an individual can hold another PPF account on behalf of a minor.
Can one withdraw from their PPF before maturity?
A PPF account can be closed only when it completes 15 years. However, if the account holder needs to withdraw money from their PPF account due to a financial emergency, they can do so only from the 7th year onwards. These withdrawals can be made only once in a fiscal year.
What are the tax benefits offered with a Public Provident Fund? Is PPF maturity taxable?
A PPF is categorised as EEE which stands for Exempt-Exempt-Exempt. This means that the principal amount can be deducted under Section 80C of the Income Tax Act, 1961.
Furthermore, there is no PPF maturity tax i.e. the account holder does not have to pay tax on the interest accumulated on maturity of the PPF or the total amount post maturity.
A simple enough tax saving instrument with good rate of interest, you can start a PPF for yourself or your child with Bank of Baroda.
Recurring Deposit- Features & Benefits
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The best way to grow your corpus and begin investing is to put money into an investment regularly. Investments that call for regular installments not only help to build up savings, but they also enforce discipline among the investors. One of the most popular investments that meets the description above is a recurring deposit or RD. Read this handy guide to know what is the meaning of recurring deposit account and what are RD account benefits.
What is a recurring deposit account?
A recurring deposit is a type of deposit in which there are fixed installments that have to be invested in an account at fixed intervals of time for a pre-decided period. Since the installments recur or fall due at regular intervals, it is called a recurring deposit. That is the recurring deposit meaning.
Different banks may specify different installment frequencies i.e monthly, quarterly, or half yearly. The most popular option offered by most banks is the monthly installment system. In this, the depositor has to pay a pre-decided amount into the recurring deposit account every month. The investor can decide the installment amount subject to the minimum rules set by the bank. It is even possible to open a recurring deposit account with an installment as low as Rs. 100.
What is the recurring deposit scheme?
Let us understand what is meant by recurring deposit
The depositor has the flexibility to choose his tenure for the recurring deposit. The bank may have special schemes going on where you have to deposit a certain installment for a particular tenure. The depositor however can decide how long he wants to invest. The standard minimum tenure is 6 months and the maximum tenure goes up to 10 years
All the recurring deposits mature on the same day.
The installments are due to be deposited or credited into the recurring deposit account on the same day every month, quarter, or half year as applicable.
Usually the rate of interest offered on recurring deposits is similar to the fixed deposit rates offered for the same tenure by banks.
Premature withdrawals from a recurring deposit are generally not allowed unless the bank charges a penalty in terms of interest rate. The rate of interest on a premature withdrawal is less than the actual rate and that is the penalty
What is the benefit of recurring deposit?
A recurring deposit account is an excellent investment option, especially for those who may not have a large amount to invest. There are several benefits of investing into a recurring deposit account
Goal based saving: One of the best advantages of a recurring deposit is that it can be used as a tool for goal based savings. Using a recurring deposit calculator, you can find out exactly what the total maturity amount is. This is especially useful for short term fund requirements, such as education expenses or saving for a wedding or travel expenses. A recurring deposit can help you grow your savings in a very systematic manner.
Loan against RD: While it is not allowed to withdraw funds from a recurring deposit before maturity, it is possible to take a loan against the balance in a recurring deposit. Most banks give out loans against 90% of the recurring deposit balance.
Saving for Minors: Banks allow parents and legal guardians to open a recurring deposit account for minors. This can be used as an effective way to save for the child’s education expenses. The recurring deposit can mature just before the child’s school year is set to begin, thus meeting the need for school fees.
Tax break for senior citizens: Under Section 80TTB of the Income Tax Act, senior citizens get a deduction of Rs. 50,000 for interest earned. This includes interest on fixed deposit, recurring deposit, savings account and any other type of interest. This makes a recurring deposit account that much more attractive to invest in since the interest will get a deduction.
TDS relief: Banks do not deduct tax on recurring deposit interest unless the total interest on all deposits crosses Rs. 10,000 in a particular financial year. However, by submitting Form 15G/15H, a depositor can get relief from TDS provisions.
We understood what is a recurring deposit account and what is the use of a recurring deposit. With this information, you can decide whether a recurring deposit is the right investment for you.