Cloud native is a term used to describe container-based environments. Cloud-native technologies are used to develop applications built with services packaged in containers, deployed as microservices and managed on elastic infrastructure through agile DevOps processes and continuous delivery workflows.
Cloud-native applications take advantage of a ready-to-use infrastructure that allows developers to access and reuse existing components such as caching services, APIs, data virtualization rules and workflow engines. This process reduces the complexity of the development process.
Research firm Gartner estimates that today over 80% of all internally developed software enterprises are cloud-native. With cloud native applications, upgrades, as well as dynamic changes to software, can be easily handled. By configuring changes incrementally to the cloud application, it can be quickly made available to end-users at considerably lower costs.
If we look at the brief history of cloud native tech, it originated 20 years ago from cloud technology giant, Netflix. Netflix today, is one of the largest OTT platforms. They have completely revamped and scaled software development by leveraging cloud native technologies.
Cloud-native platforms like Kubernetes, expose a flat network that is overlaid on existing networking topologies and primitives of cloud providers. Similarly, the native storage layer is often abstracted to expose logical volumes that are integrated with containers.
The cloud microservices market is expected to grow from $ 683 million in 2018 to reach $1,880 million by 2023 at a CAGR of 22.4%. Cloud-native architectures will become the default option for customer-facing applications by 2020, driven by a need to continuously deploy innovations at an accelerated pace and enhance the customer experience.
Major technologies for cloud native in the market are Kubernetes by Google, Prometheus, Istio, CoreDNS & gRPC
With the phenomenal success of Netflix and their ability to deliver more features faster to their customers, Netflix used cloud native technology to gain a huge competitive advantage.
Credits : Akhil Handa